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Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene

Since the first discovery of fullerene in 1985, graphitic carbon materials including fullerene, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), and graphene have been of central research interest in the materials science. Owing to the ideal two-dimensional crystalline nature, graphitic carbon materials synergistically combine the low density and mechanical flexiblity of organic materials with the high mechanical properties and strong chemical/thermal resistance of inorganic materials. Moverover, their electro-conductivity is tunable over a broad range with doping, chirality, graphitic layer number or lateral dimension. Such fascinating material properties along with the molecular scale dimensions render graphitic materials to be promising building blocks for next generation electronics, displays, sensors, energy conversion/storage and so on.